Find Your Flow With Metacognition.

For those of us who play sports, compete, or engage in intense physical exercise, one of the most difficult things for us to do is to build a mentally tough mindset. Some of us are born with a more mentally tough mindset than others and therefore it may be easier for those who are intuitively mentally tough to apply this mindset to the task at hand. However, whether you are more instinctively mentally tough or not, like anything, it takes practice to strengthen this mindset and to be able to channel it during the critical moments we need it most.

How do we build a mentally tough mindset? How to we strengthen a mentally tough mindset once we have it and how do we improve the ability to quickly turn the switch to get into “the zone” at the crucial moment we need it most?

At my strength workshop I Am Not Afraid To Lift I discuss mindset and the elements of positive self-talk and scripting and about how to channel positive self talk into training and at key moments during a lift. However, there are so many elements to building this positive mindset, starting with self-awareness and metacognition, that I can tell you to think positive thoughts over and over again, but unless you are applying key strategies to make these positive thoughts organic, you will always revert back to the negative.

What are these strategies and how do you apply them?

As I mentioned in my post I Am Not Afraid To Lift: The Power Of Mindset Special Event.” as my Lift workshop grows and has more impact, I am always looking for ways to expand it and bring new and improved content to participants.

Therefore I have partnered with Sports Psychologist Dr. Lisa Lewis to delve deeper into The Mentally Tough Mindset, strategies to build this mindset, and how to solidify it, for I Am Not Afraid To Lift Boston on November 7, 2015 at Iron Body Studios.

In addition Dr. Lisa Lewis goes into more depth about “the zone” and metacognition in her guest blog post “Find Your Flow With Metacognition”. Read more from Dr. Lisa Lewis in her guest blog post “Find Your Flow With Metacognition” below…


Think about your thinking. Right at this moment. What’s running through your mind right now? In that last minute? In the last hour? Sure, you’re reading these sentences, and maybe thinking about them, but you’re probably also thinking about 1, or 2, or 7 other things, right now.

Before you continue reading, take a minute to observe your thoughts. If that’s too long, shoot for 30 seconds – you can set a timer. Don’t change them, just notice. Eyes open or closed, being still or moving… listen to your inner monologue…

What did you notice? Positive thoughts? Negative thoughts? Worries? Day dreams? Shoulds? To-Do’s? Hopes? Judgments?

Your thoughts are layered. Your thoughts are constant. Your thoughts influence your feelings and shape your behavior. The exciting part is, you can control your very own thoughts and use them to improve every aspect of your life: work, relationships, and your training. You can learn what thoughts are helpful, and which aren’t, and then you can use them, shape them, change and augment them, to enhance your performance and your passion for your goals.

Thinking about thinking, or metacognition, is one of the nifty skills that set us humans apart from the rest of the animal kingdom. Not only can we be aware of our thoughts and reflect on them, but we can consciously change them.

When your thoughts are connected to the present moment, your emotions and behaviors will be as well. When your thoughts align with your goals, you are at your best; in your Zone! In other words, 100% percent of your thoughts are focused on your training. What do you do, or what can you do, to get yourself 100% present and focused on your workout?

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, one of my favorite psychologists, studied being in the zone, or what he calls “Flow” (1990). I’ve heard athletes and clients call it their “vibe”, or “space”, but whatever you call it, that’s the place you want to be when you train. Being in flow means that your mindset contains only constructive thoughts about the present moment. It means you and your thoughts are fully engaged in a goal-directed activity. Csikszentmihalyi explains,

“The optimal state of inner experience is one in which there is order in consciousness. This happens when psychic energy – or attention – is invested in realistic goals, and when skills match the opportunities for action. The pursuit of a goal brings order in awareness because a person must concentrate attention on the task at hand and momentarily forget everything else… By stretching skills, by reaching toward higher challenges, a person becomes an increasingly extraordinary individual” (p. 6).

When you train, what is the content of your thoughts? One way I ask clients about this is by asking them to visualize their own mental pie chart. If you can imagine a pie chart that represents all the various thoughts and appraisals you have during your training sessions, what are the slices inside the pie? How much space does each slice take up?

Are your thoughts unified and present, or are they splintered and disconnected from your workout? Are you squatting while wondering about your email? Swinging a kettlebell and taking an inventory of what’s in the fridge to whip up for dinner later on? Thinking of some moron who never texted you back, or that tricky situation with your boss, and feeling angry or badly about yourself while trying to bench press? Being one place in your mind and another with your body can impair performance and suck all the fun out of your training. When you are in the present moment, and your thoughts, feelings, and actions are lined up, fired up, and rolling along in your zone, you love it! It helps you, it changes you. It creates an opportunity for you to become better than you are.

The benefits to being in the zone, or flow, are both physical and psychological. Your performance is maximized when you are present and focused on your training, which means you can train harder and progress more efficiently toward your goal. In addition, being in flow while training improves wellbeing, enjoyment of a goal directed activity, and leads to happiness, both in and out of the gym.

So, how about thinking about your thinking, and making some changes, in the name of better workouts? Increased happiness? Bigger lifts? To do this, you want to:

  1. Minimize unrelated and distracting thoughts during your workout (those would be about errands, emails, relationships, and on and on) and,
  2. Negative thoughts about your self, or negative self talk (“What if I can’t do the pull up and people at the gym see me look ridiculous?” or “I’ll never be able to deadlift 2 times body weight.”).

Instead, your mental pie chart should be comprised of:

  1. Task oriented thoughts and goals (“Inhale, hinge, sit back, drive, follow through!”), and
  2. Positive self talk (“I can push myself and progress my training to do a pull up… I love to deadlift and know I can keep working hard and improve my PR!”)

Your prefrontal cortex is a highly evolved, super-fast, multitasking mammajamma, that communicates with your body, your awareness, and your emotions, to push you, drive you, and propel you toward your goals. You may not be able to control your feelings, but you can control your thoughts. Then thoughts shape feelings. And feelings shape behavior. Your behavior will then impact your thoughts, and the cycle can either be facilitative or detrimental to your performance, your goals, and your enjoyment of your pursuits.

You can improve your training by honing your mental skills. You can progress your mental fitness, or mental toughness, by creating a mindset that is 100% focused on your goals and fully present during your workout.

I hope thinking about your thinking can help you with your very next workout! Just begin by noticing the content of your thoughts. Visualize your mental pie chart, and take a look at what’s inside. Then identify useful cues and positive statements about yourself and your training to facilitate your goals. Finally, practice! The same way you practice your physical skills, being 100% present and mentally tough means that you practice positive self talk over, and over, and over again. Thank you for reading.

Still interested in learning more? I’ll be joining Artemis on November 7th to provide psychological consultation at the I Am Not Afraid To Lift workshop! Mental skills including positive self talk and goal setting techniques will be reviewed in conjunction with physical skills. If you’re interested, hope to see you there!

About The Author

Headshot - LL

Dr. Lisa Lewis is a licensed psychologist with a passion for wellness and fitness. She earned her doctorate in counseling psychology with a specialization in sport psychology at Boston University, and her doctoral research focused on exercise motivation. She uses a strength-based, solution-focused approach and most enjoys working with athletes and athletically-minded clients who are working toward a specific goal or achievement.

Lisa is also a certified drug and alcohol counselor, and has taught undergraduate courses as an adjunct professor at Salem University, Wheelock College, and Northeastern University in courses including exercise psychology, developmental psychology, and abnormal psychology. Lisa currently works as the assistant director of a college counseling center in Boston, MA, and she has a small private practice in the nearby town of Brookline.

As a new addition to the “I Am Not Afraid To Lift” workshop, Lisa will integrate mental skills into the physical skills training of the day. Mental skills can enhance performance, maximize motivation and prevent barriers like negative thinking, fear, and self-doubt from interfering with goals.

Learn more and register for I Am Not Afraid To Lift below…

Early bird ends on October 11, 2015.

Learn more about the workshop HERE.

Register for the workshop HERE under the “Events” tab.


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